c: none of the above
d: a & b, above
This classic question is answered ‘d’ by Robert Wright, in an interview – see: http://www.alternet.org/rights/141225
“Is religion a force for good or ill? This question has been more energetically debated over the last few years, globally, due to the West’s confrontation with radical Islam, and in the U.S., to the political emergence and activism of evangelical Christians. This was brought to a head with the misadventures of George W. Bush, from Teri Shiavo to Bagdhad.”
Mr. Wright – who has the audacity to use history as a basis – observes that religions have historically been either of these, depending on the time and the particular environment….According to Wright, “The moral of the story is simple: When people see their interests threatened by another group, this perception brings out the most belligerent parts of their religion. Such circumstances are good news for violent extremists and bad news for moderates. What Obama is trying to do — make Palestinians feel less threatened, and make Muslims generally feel more respected — may now, as it did in ancient times, bring out the tolerant side of a religion.”
For the whole story, click the above link.